Building and living still pollutes the environment more than necessary. New brochure of the Federal Environmental Agency (UBA) shows solutions.The construction, management and use of houses and roads still requires too many natural resources and promotes climate change: Not only the continued high demand for fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas December 2018 Calendar Kalnirnay for heating and hot water reduces the environmental performance of the construction and construction sector Living, also the large demand for building materials such as stones and soils, metals or wood contributes to it.
December 2018 Calendar Kalnirnay
UBA President Prof. dr. Andreas Troge: “How we build and live significantly affects the quality of our health and the environment. Humans not only snatch more building materials from nature than they can provide, we also make ourselves far too wide, take up too much space. “This way, retreats for plants and animals are lost. “Instead of always building new houses on the green field, we have to go back to the centers,” continues Troge.
The environment could be considerably relieved if old houses in the centers were increasingly being renovated rather than erecting new buildings in semi-natural locations. The new brochure “Sustainable Building and Housing” describes new ways towards sustainable construction and housing policy.25.11.2008 136 times rated as helpful No. 82/08.
The potential for savings is considerable: Over the next 25 years, additional consumption of land could be reduced by almost 85 percent without any loss of comfort, annual consumption of mineral raw materials such as sand, clay, lime, gravel or shale by around 30 percent and annual carbon dioxide emissions lower by more than 50 percent. For this purpose, buildings are to be renovated and modernized, to increase the attractiveness of settlement centers and to avoid unnecessary housing vacancies.
New settlements should increasingly take place within the settlement centers on fallow land – for example on areas formerly used by industrial companies, the Bundeswehr, railway or postal services, as well as in building gaps.”Anyone who refurbishes an old apartment to a high standard requires significantly less building materials than a complete new building,” says UBA President Troge. He called for thinking about changing needs in old age when deciding on a home: “Anyone who pulls to retirement for the country, should ask yourself whether the apartment and house even in old age are still suitable.
The refurbished old apartment near the center is often better than the terraced house in the countryside – for example, because doctor and grocery store are just around the corner. “The customer review has been automatically translated from German.How will building and living become more sustainable? The abolition of the homeowner’s allowance and the increase in funds for the energetic refurbishment of buildings were the first important steps in the right direction.
The UBA also proposes to increase the tax burden on new occupancy of land. This strengthened the settlement centers and would counteract the increasing urban sprawl. Also desirable: A standardization December 2018 Calendar Kalnirnay of income tax law, so that the costs incurred in the first three years after acquisition of an existing residential building for energy-efficient maintenance and modernization measures could be amortized immediately or spread over two to five years.